Sativa plants, which thrive in temperate conditions, are tall, thin plants with skinny leaves. Their higher THC:CBD ratio stimulates a cerebral effect on the brain which can energize patients and relieve fatigue. Due to their uplifting qualities, sativas are generally used during the day and are known to relieve depressive moods, fatigue, increase energy and help to improve attitude.
The indica plants, believed to have originated in the Hindu Kush region near Afghanistan, are short and stocky with thick coats of resin to protect the plant against harsh conditions. Indica strains are well known for their sedative effects, which are accompanied by a mild “head high” due to a high ratio of CBD:THC. Indica plants are commonly used as an appetite stimulant, to aid sleep and provide pain relief.
Hybrid plants result when a male plant of one strain pollenates a female plant of another strain; with the female strain remaining dominant. Hybrids are often described as having a “balancing” effect, offering attributes that both indica and sativa strains offer. Depending on which strain is dominant, hybrids are used to help control muscle spasms, alleviate insomnia, relieve anxiety and reduce inflammation.